Table of Contents
Take a journey through the oldest buildings of Prague exploring their fascinating stories and uncovering their hidden secrets. Discover buildings such as the Rotunda of Saint Martin, Cubist House on Neklanova Street, the Rotunda of Saint Longinus, Charles Square and many more.
Join us as we embark on a tour steeped in history and architectural splendour, as we explore the top 10 oldest buildings in Prague. From the legendary Rotunda of Saint Martin to the Gothic marvel, the House with Stone Bell, we’ll travel through time, tracing the footsteps of the past.
We will uncover the stories these buildings have to tell and reveal the beauty and craftsmanship they’ve maintained throughout the centuries. Whether you’re a history lover, an architecture enthusiast, or simply curious, this journey will leave you in awe of Prague’s rich cultural heritage and remarkable architectural legacy.
The Rotunda of Saint Martin in Vysehrad: One of the oldest buildings of Prague
The Rotunda of Saint Martin in Vysehrad is one of Prague’s oldest buildings, dating back to the second half of the 11th century. This Romanesque rotunda was built as a place of worship and is said to be where the legendary King Wenceslas is buried. One of the most intriguing features of the Rotunda is the cannonball embedded in one of its walls, which serves as a reminder of the Prussian attack that took place in the 18th century.
The Cubist House on Neklanova Street and the Botanical Garden
A 20-minute walk from the Rotunda of Saint Martin brings you to the Cubist House on Neklanova Street. Designed by Czech architect Josef Gočár, being one of the oldest buildings of Prague is an exceptional example of Cubist architecture, with its sharp angles and geometric shapes. Just beyond the Cubist House lies the Botanical Garden, which offers a peaceful respite from the hustle and bustle of the city.
The Rotunda of Saint Longinus
The Rotunda of Saint Longinus is another stunning example of Prague’s Romanesque architecture. Dating back to the first half of the 12th century, the Rotunda is named after a Roman soldier who pierced Jesus with his spear. Its unique cylindrical shape and intricate stonework are a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the medieval builders who constructed it.
Charles Square and its Surroundings
Charles Square is one of Prague’s largest squares and offers a wealth of architectural treasures, being one of the oldest buildings in Prague. From the iconic National Theater, which dominates the southern end of the square, to the New Townhall tower and the statues at the Mosaic House, there is no shortage of sights to see. Take a stroll around the square and marvel at the eclectic mix of architectural styles that Prague has to offer.
The Rotunda of the Finding of the Holy Cross
The Rotunda of the Finding of the Holy Cross is believed to have been built at the end of the 11th century. Situated near the Vltava River, this small but impressive rotunda is said to be the center point between four other churches. Its striking architecture and rich history make it a must-visit destination for any history buff.
Old Town Square and House with Stone Bell
No exploration of oldest buildings of Prague would be complete without a visit to the Old Town Square. One of the highlights of the square is the House with Stone Bell, a Gothic building dating back to the second half of the 13th century. This landmark building has served many functions over the centuries, from a town hall to a police station, but its distinctive Gothic architecture has remained unchanged.
Convent of St. Agnes
The Convent of St. Agnes is the oldest example of Gothic architecture of the oldest buildings in Prague. Built in the 13th century, this former convent now houses an exhibition for the National Gallery. The stunning vaulted ceilings and intricate stonework make this building a true masterpiece of medieval architecture.
Old New Synagogue
The Old New Synagogue is one of the Gothic oldest buildings of Prague located near the Jewish quarter of Prague. Dating back to the 13th century, this architecturally impressive synagogue is steeped in history and legend. According to local folklore, the Golem, a mythical creature created from mud and clay, still sleeps within its walls.
Tower on Judith Bridge
The Tower on Judith Bridge is another impressive example of Prague’s Romanesque architecture. Built in the 12th century, this tower was the predecessor to the famous Charles Bridge that now spans the Vltava River. Its impressive stone arches and intricate decorations make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in medieval architecture.
Prague’s oldest buildings are a testament to the city’s rich cultural heritage and fascinating history. From Romanesque rotundas to Gothic cathedrals, these buildings offer a glimpse into Prague’s past and its enduring architectural legacy. Whether you’re a history buff or simply appreciate beautiful architecture, a visit to Prague’s oldest buildings is an experience you’ll never forget. We hope that this journey through Prague’s oldest buildings has given you a taste of the incredible history and beauty that this city has to offer.